Moxilin

Name: Moxilin

Moxilin Overview

Amoxicillin is a prescription medication used to treat certain bacterial infections such as pneumonia, bronchitis, gonorrhea, and certain types of ulcers.  It can also treat bacterial infections of the ears, nose, throat, urinary tract, and skin.  This medication belongs to a group of drugs called penicillin antibiotics,  which work by blocking the growth of bacteria.

Amoxicillin comes as a capsule, tablet, and oral suspension forms. This medication is taken up to 3 times daily, with or without food.

Common side of amoxicillin effects include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and headache.

Moxilin Precautions

Serious side effects have been reported with amoxicillin including the following:

  • Hypersensitivity (allergic) reactions. Tell your doctor if you are allergic to amoxicillin, penicillin, cephalosporins, or any other medication. Do not take amoxicillin if you have a penicillin allergy. Serious allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis (life-threatening), have occurred in patients taking penicillin antibiotics. Signs of an allergic reaction include:
    • rash
    • hives
    • itching
    • swelling of the face, lips, mouth, or throat
    • difficulty breathing
  • Diarrhea. Diarrhea is a common problem caused by antibiotics. It is usually mild and goes away. Sometimes after starting treatment with antibiotics, patients can develop watery and bloody stools (with or without stomach cramps and fever) even as late as 2 or more months after the last dose. If diarrhea is severe, lasts more than 2 or 3 days, and is accompanied by fever, contact your doctor, as this may be a sign of an infection of the bowels.
  • Phenylketonuria. Amoxicillin chewable tablets contain phenylalanine. Caution is advised for those who have phenylketonuria.

Do not take amoxicillin if you:

  • have mononucleosis. A high percentage of patients with mononucleosis who receive ampicillin develop a skin rash.
  • have a history of allergic reaction to any type of penicillin antibiotic, including amoxicillin

 

Moxilin and Pregnancy

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.

The FDA categorizes medications based on safety for use during pregnancy. Five categories - A, B, C, D, and X, are used to classify the possible risks to an unborn baby when a medication is taken during pregnancy.

Amoxicillin falls into category B. There are no well-done studies that have been done in humans with amoxicillin. But in animal studies, pregnant animals were given this medication, and the babies did not show any medical issues related to this medication.

Moxilin Overdose

If you take too much amoxicillin, call your healthcare provider or local Poison Control Center, or seek emergency medical attention right away.

Moxilin Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

Incidence not known
  • Abdominal or stomach cramps or tenderness
  • back, leg, or stomach pains
  • black, tarry stools
  • bleeding gums
  • blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin
  • bloating
  • blood in the urine
  • bloody nose
  • chest pain
  • chills
  • clay-colored stools
  • cough
  • dark urine
  • diarrhea
  • diarrhea, watery and severe, which may also be bloody
  • difficulty with breathing
  • difficulty with swallowing
  • dizziness
  • fast heartbeat
  • feeling of discomfort
  • fever
  • general body swelling
  • headache
  • heavier menstrual periods
  • hives or welts
  • increased thirst
  • inflammation of the joints
  • itching
  • joint or muscle pain
  • loss of appetite
  • muscle aches
  • nausea or vomiting
  • nosebleeds
  • pain
  • pain in the lower back
  • pain or burning while urinating
  • painful or difficult urination
  • pale skin
  • pinpoint red spots on the skin
  • puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
  • rash
  • red, irritated eyes
  • redness, soreness, or itching skin
  • shortness of breath
  • sore throat
  • sores, ulcers, or white spots in the mouth or on the lips
  • sores, welting, or blisters
  • sudden decrease in the amount of urine
  • swollen, lymph glands
  • tenderness
  • tightness in the chest
  • unpleasant breath odor
  • unusual bleeding or bruising
  • unusual tiredness or weakness
  • unusual weight loss
  • vomiting of blood
  • watery or bloody diarrhea
  • wheezing
  • yellow eyes or skin

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

Less common
  • Bad, unusual, or unpleasant (after) taste
  • change in taste
Incidence not known
  • Agitation
  • black, hairy tongue
  • changes in behavior
  • confusion
  • convulsions
  • discoloration of the tooth (brown, yellow, or gray staining)
  • dizziness
  • sleeplessness
  • trouble with sleeping
  • unable to sleep
  • white patches in the mouth or throat or on the tongue
  • white patches with diaper rash

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

For the Consumer

Applies to amoxicillin: oral capsule, oral powder for suspension, oral tablet, oral tablet for suspension, oral tablet chewable, oral tablet extended release

Along with its needed effects, amoxicillin (the active ingredient contained in Moxilin) may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking amoxicillin:

Incidence not known
  • Abdominal or stomach cramps or tenderness
  • back, leg, or stomach pains
  • black, tarry stools
  • bleeding gums
  • blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin
  • bloating
  • blood in the urine
  • bloody nose
  • chest pain
  • chills
  • clay-colored stools
  • cough
  • dark urine
  • diarrhea
  • diarrhea, watery and severe, which may also be bloody
  • difficulty with breathing
  • difficulty with swallowing
  • dizziness
  • fast heartbeat
  • feeling of discomfort
  • fever
  • general body swelling
  • headache
  • heavier menstrual periods
  • hives or welts
  • increased thirst
  • inflammation of the joints
  • itching
  • joint or muscle pain
  • loss of appetite
  • muscle aches
  • nausea or vomiting
  • nosebleeds
  • pain
  • pain in the lower back
  • pain or burning while urinating
  • painful or difficult urination
  • pale skin
  • pinpoint red spots on the skin
  • puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
  • rash
  • red, irritated eyes
  • redness, soreness, or itching skin
  • shortness of breath
  • sore throat
  • sores, ulcers, or white spots in the mouth or on the lips
  • sores, welting, or blisters
  • sudden decrease in the amount of urine
  • swollen, lymph glands
  • tenderness
  • tightness in the chest
  • unpleasant breath odor
  • unusual bleeding or bruising
  • unusual tiredness or weakness
  • unusual weight loss
  • vomiting of blood
  • watery or bloody diarrhea
  • wheezing
  • yellow eyes or skin

Some side effects of amoxicillin may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

Less common
  • Bad, unusual, or unpleasant (after) taste
  • change in taste
Incidence not known
  • Agitation
  • black, hairy tongue
  • changes in behavior
  • confusion
  • convulsions
  • discoloration of the tooth (brown, yellow, or gray staining)
  • dizziness
  • sleeplessness
  • trouble with sleeping
  • unable to sleep
  • white patches in the mouth or throat or on the tongue
  • white patches with diaper rash

For Healthcare Professionals

Applies to amoxicillin: oral capsule, oral powder for reconstitution, oral tablet, oral tablet chewable, oral tablet dispersible, oral tablet extended release

General

The most frequently reported side effects were diarrhea, nausea, and skin rash.[Ref]

Gastrointestinal

Common (1% to 10%): Diarrhea, nausea, abdominal pain
Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Vomiting
Frequency not reported: Hemorrhagic/pseudomembranous colitis, tooth discolored, black hairy tongue, glossitis, stomatitis
Postmarketing reports: Sore mouth/tongue[Ref]

Dermatologic

Common (1% to 10%): Erythema, exanthema, rash
Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Urticaria, pruritus
Very rare (less than 0.01%): Angioedema, hypersensitivity vasculitis
Frequency not reported: Erythematous maculopapular rashes, erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson Syndrome, bullous dermatitis, exfoliative dermatitis, toxic epidermal necrolysis/Lyell's syndrome, acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis, maculopapular rash, erythema nodosum, pemphigoid reactions[Ref]

Genitourinary

Common (1% to 10%): Vulvovaginal mycotic infection[Ref]

Nervous system

Common (1% to 10%): Headache, taste perversion
Very rare (less than 0.01%): Convulsion, dizziness, hyperkinesia
Frequency not reported: Reversible hyperactivity, central nervous system toxicity, encephalopathy[Ref]

Immunologic

Very rare (less than 0.01%): Anaphylaxis, serum sickness-like reaction
Frequency not reported: Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction[Ref]

Renal

Very rare (less than 0.01%): Crystalluria, interstitial nephritis
Frequency not reported: Nephropathy[Ref]

Hematologic

Very rare (less than 0.01%): Leucopenia, severe neutropenia, agranulocytosis, hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, bleeding time prolonged, prothrombin time prolonged
Frequency not reported: Anemia, thrombocytopenic purpura, eosinophilia, platelet function defective, lymphadenopathy[Ref]

Other

Common (1% to 10%): Candidiasis, fungal/mycotic infection
Very rare (less than 0.01%): Mucocutaneous candidiasis
Frequency not reported: Intestinal candidiasis, oral moniliasis, vaginal moniliasis, fever, chills[Ref]

Hepatic

Very rare (less than 0.01%): Hepatitis, cholestatic jaundice, AST increased, ALT increased
Frequency not reported: Hepatic dysfunction, hepatic cholestasis, acute cytolytic hepatitis[Ref]

Respiratory

Frequency not reported: Bronchospasm, acute severe dyspnea, pneumonitis allergic[Ref]

Local

Frequency not reported: Phlebitis, injection site pain[Ref]

Metabolic

Frequency not reported: Electrolyte disturbance, hypokalemia[Ref]

Musculoskeletal

Frequency not reported: Joint pain, arthralgia[Ref]

Psychiatric

Frequency not reported: Agitation, anxiety, insomnia, confusion, behavior changed, hallucination[Ref]

Some side effects of Moxilin may not be reported. Always consult your doctor or healthcare specialist for medical advice. You may also report side effects to the FDA.

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