Adox Pak 2 / 100

Name: Adox Pak 2 / 100

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Usual Adult Dose for Upper Respiratory Tract Infection

IV:
-Initial dose: 200 mg IV on the first day, given in 1 or 2 infusions
-Maintenance dose: 100 to 200 mg/day IV

ORAL:
Most Products:
-Initial dose: 200 mg orally on the first day, given in 2 divided doses (100 mg every 12 hours)
-Maintenance dose: 100 mg orally once a day OR 50 mg orally every 12 hours
---More severe infections (especially chronic urinary tract infections): 100 mg orally every 12 hours

Doryx(R) MPC:
-Initial dose: 240 mg orally on the first day, given in 2 divided doses (120 mg every 12 hours)
-Maintenance dose: 120 mg orally once a day or 60 mg orally every 12 hours
---More severe infections (especially chronic urinary tract infections): 120 mg orally every 12 hours

Comments:
-The IV maintenance dose depends on the severity of the infection; the 200 mg dose may be given in 1 or 2 infusions.
-If using a monohydrate formulation, the initial oral dose may be given in 2 or 4 divided doses (100 mg every 12 hours or 50 mg every 6 hours).
-With trachoma, infectious agent is not always eliminated (as assessed by immunofluorescence).
-When used in streptococcal infections, duration of therapy should be 10 days.

Uses:
-For the treatment of the following infections: Psittacosis (ornithosis) due to Chlamydophila psittaci; chancroid due to Haemophilus ducreyi; relapsing fever due to Borrelia recurrentis; Campylobacter fetus infections; bartonellosis due to Bartonella bacilliformis; trachoma or inclusion conjunctivitis due to Chlamydia trachomatis; respiratory tract infections due to Mycoplasma pneumoniae
-For the treatment of infections due to the following bacteria when bacteriological testing shows suitable susceptibility to this drug: Escherichia coli; Enterobacter aerogenes; Shigella species; Acinetobacter species; respiratory tract infections due to H influenzae or Klebsiella species; upper respiratory infections due to Streptococcus pneumoniae; urinary tract infections due to Klebsiella species
-When penicillin is contraindicated, as an alternative agent for the treatment of the following infections: Yaws due to Treponema pallidum subspecies pertenue; listeriosis due to Listeria monocytogenes; Vincent's infection due to Fusobacterium fusiforme; actinomycosis due to Actinomyces israelii; infections due to Clostridium species
-As adjunctive therapy for: Acute intestinal amebiasis; severe acne

Usual Adult Dose for Urinary Tract Infection

IV:
-Initial dose: 200 mg IV on the first day, given in 1 or 2 infusions
-Maintenance dose: 100 to 200 mg/day IV

ORAL:
Most Products:
-Initial dose: 200 mg orally on the first day, given in 2 divided doses (100 mg every 12 hours)
-Maintenance dose: 100 mg orally once a day OR 50 mg orally every 12 hours
---More severe infections (especially chronic urinary tract infections): 100 mg orally every 12 hours

Doryx(R) MPC:
-Initial dose: 240 mg orally on the first day, given in 2 divided doses (120 mg every 12 hours)
-Maintenance dose: 120 mg orally once a day or 60 mg orally every 12 hours
---More severe infections (especially chronic urinary tract infections): 120 mg orally every 12 hours

Comments:
-The IV maintenance dose depends on the severity of the infection; the 200 mg dose may be given in 1 or 2 infusions.
-If using a monohydrate formulation, the initial oral dose may be given in 2 or 4 divided doses (100 mg every 12 hours or 50 mg every 6 hours).
-With trachoma, infectious agent is not always eliminated (as assessed by immunofluorescence).
-When used in streptococcal infections, duration of therapy should be 10 days.

Uses:
-For the treatment of the following infections: Psittacosis (ornithosis) due to Chlamydophila psittaci; chancroid due to Haemophilus ducreyi; relapsing fever due to Borrelia recurrentis; Campylobacter fetus infections; bartonellosis due to Bartonella bacilliformis; trachoma or inclusion conjunctivitis due to Chlamydia trachomatis; respiratory tract infections due to Mycoplasma pneumoniae
-For the treatment of infections due to the following bacteria when bacteriological testing shows suitable susceptibility to this drug: Escherichia coli; Enterobacter aerogenes; Shigella species; Acinetobacter species; respiratory tract infections due to H influenzae or Klebsiella species; upper respiratory infections due to Streptococcus pneumoniae; urinary tract infections due to Klebsiella species
-When penicillin is contraindicated, as an alternative agent for the treatment of the following infections: Yaws due to Treponema pallidum subspecies pertenue; listeriosis due to Listeria monocytogenes; Vincent's infection due to Fusobacterium fusiforme; actinomycosis due to Actinomyces israelii; infections due to Clostridium species
-As adjunctive therapy for: Acute intestinal amebiasis; severe acne

Usual Adult Dose for Ornithosis

IV:
-Initial dose: 200 mg IV on the first day, given in 1 or 2 infusions
-Maintenance dose: 100 to 200 mg/day IV

ORAL:
Most Products:
-Initial dose: 200 mg orally on the first day, given in 2 divided doses (100 mg every 12 hours)
-Maintenance dose: 100 mg orally once a day OR 50 mg orally every 12 hours
---More severe infections (especially chronic urinary tract infections): 100 mg orally every 12 hours

Doryx(R) MPC:
-Initial dose: 240 mg orally on the first day, given in 2 divided doses (120 mg every 12 hours)
-Maintenance dose: 120 mg orally once a day or 60 mg orally every 12 hours
---More severe infections (especially chronic urinary tract infections): 120 mg orally every 12 hours

Comments:
-The IV maintenance dose depends on the severity of the infection; the 200 mg dose may be given in 1 or 2 infusions.
-If using a monohydrate formulation, the initial oral dose may be given in 2 or 4 divided doses (100 mg every 12 hours or 50 mg every 6 hours).
-With trachoma, infectious agent is not always eliminated (as assessed by immunofluorescence).
-When used in streptococcal infections, duration of therapy should be 10 days.

Uses:
-For the treatment of the following infections: Psittacosis (ornithosis) due to Chlamydophila psittaci; chancroid due to Haemophilus ducreyi; relapsing fever due to Borrelia recurrentis; Campylobacter fetus infections; bartonellosis due to Bartonella bacilliformis; trachoma or inclusion conjunctivitis due to Chlamydia trachomatis; respiratory tract infections due to Mycoplasma pneumoniae
-For the treatment of infections due to the following bacteria when bacteriological testing shows suitable susceptibility to this drug: Escherichia coli; Enterobacter aerogenes; Shigella species; Acinetobacter species; respiratory tract infections due to H influenzae or Klebsiella species; upper respiratory infections due to Streptococcus pneumoniae; urinary tract infections due to Klebsiella species
-When penicillin is contraindicated, as an alternative agent for the treatment of the following infections: Yaws due to Treponema pallidum subspecies pertenue; listeriosis due to Listeria monocytogenes; Vincent's infection due to Fusobacterium fusiforme; actinomycosis due to Actinomyces israelii; infections due to Clostridium species
-As adjunctive therapy for: Acute intestinal amebiasis; severe acne

Usual Adult Dose for Lymphogranuloma Venereum

IV:
-Initial dose: 200 mg IV on the first day, given in 1 or 2 infusions
-Maintenance dose: 100 to 200 mg/day IV

ORAL:
Most Products:
-Initial dose: 200 mg orally on the first day, given in 2 divided doses (100 mg every 12 hours)
-Maintenance dose: 100 mg orally once a day OR 50 mg orally every 12 hours
---More severe infections: 100 mg orally every 12 hours

Doryx(R) MPC:
-Initial dose: 240 mg orally on the first day, given in 2 divided doses (120 mg every 12 hours)
-Maintenance dose: 120 mg orally once a day or 60 mg orally every 12 hours
---More severe infections: 120 mg orally every 12 hours

Comments:
-The IV maintenance dose depends on the severity of the infection; the 200 mg dose may be given in 1 or 2 infusions.
-If using a monohydrate formulation, the initial oral dose may be given in 2 or 4 divided doses (100 mg every 12 hours or 50 mg every 6 hours).

Use: For the treatment of lymphogranuloma venereum due to C trachomatis

US CDC Recommendations: 100 mg orally twice a day for 21 days

Comments:
-Recommended as the preferred regimen
-Patients should be clinically monitored until signs/symptoms have resolved.
-Prolonged therapy may be needed for HIV-infected patients; delay in symptom resolution may occur.
-The patient's sexual partner(s) should also be evaluated/treated.
-Current guidelines should be consulted for additional information.

Usual Adult Dose for Tularemia

IV:
-Initial dose: 200 mg IV on the first day, given in 1 or 2 infusions
-Maintenance dose: 100 to 200 mg/day IV

ORAL:
Most Products:
-Initial dose: 200 mg orally on the first day, given in 2 divided doses (100 mg every 12 hours)
-Maintenance dose: 100 mg orally once a day OR 50 mg orally every 12 hours
---More severe infections: 100 mg orally every 12 hours

Doryx(R) MPC:
-Initial dose: 240 mg orally on the first day, given in 2 divided doses (120 mg every 12 hours)
-Maintenance dose: 120 mg orally once a day or 60 mg orally every 12 hours
---More severe infections: 120 mg orally every 12 hours

Comments:
-The IV maintenance dose depends on the severity of the infection; the 200 mg dose may be given in 1 or 2 infusions.
-If using a monohydrate formulation, the initial oral dose may be given in 2 or 4 divided doses (100 mg every 12 hours or 50 mg every 6 hours).

Use: For the treatment of tularemia due to Francisella tularensis

Working Group on Civilian Biodefense Recommendations: 100 mg orally or IV twice a day

Duration of Therapy:
-Postexposure prophylaxis: 14 days
-Treatment in a contained casualty setting: At least 14 days
-Treatment in a mass casualty setting: 14 to 21 days

Comments:
-Recommended as an alternative IV regimen for the treatment of tularemia in a contained casualty setting and for postexposure prophylaxis
-Recommended as a preferred oral regimen for the treatment of tularemia in a mass casualty setting and for postexposure prophylaxis
-If parenteral therapy is used initially, may switch to oral therapy when clinically indicated
-Current guidelines should be consulted for additional information.

Usual Adult Dose for Melioidosis

US CDC Recommendations: 100 mg orally every 12 hours
Duration of therapy: 3 to 6 months

Comments:
-This oral regimen may be started after 10 to 14 days of IV therapy.
-Current guidelines should be consulted for additional information.

Usual Pediatric Dose for Acne

IV:
Less than 45 kg:
All patients with severe or life-threatening infections (e.g., RMSF): 2.2 mg/kg IV every 12 hours

Patients older than 8 years with less severe infections:
-Initial dose: 4.4 mg/kg IV on the first day, given in 2 infusions
-Maintenance dose: 2.2 mg/kg IV once a day or 1.1 mg/kg IV twice a day

At least 45 kg:
-Initial dose: 200 mg IV on the first day, given in 1 or 2 infusions
-Maintenance dose: 100 to 200 mg/day IV

ORAL:
Most Products:
Less than 45 kg:
All patients with severe or life-threatening infections: 2.2 mg/kg orally every 12 hours

Patients older than 8 years with less severe infections:
-Initial dose: 4.4 mg/kg orally on the first day, given in 2 divided doses
-Maintenance dose: 2.2 mg/kg orally once a day or 1.1 mg/kg orally twice a day

At least 45 kg:
-Initial dose: 200 mg orally on the first day, given in 2 divided doses (100 mg every 12 hours)
-Maintenance dose: 100 mg orally once a day OR 50 mg orally every 12 hours
---More severe infections: 100 mg orally every 12 hours

Doryx(R) MPC:
Less than 45 kg:
All patients with severe or life-threatening infections: 2.6 mg/kg orally every 12 hours

Patients older than 8 years with less severe infections:
-Initial dose: 5.3 mg/kg orally on the first day, given in 2 divided doses
-Maintenance dose: 2.6 mg/kg orally once a day or 1.3 mg/kg orally twice a day

At least 45 kg:
-Initial dose: 240 mg orally on the first day, given in 2 divided doses (120 mg every 12 hours)
-Maintenance dose: 120 mg orally once a day or 60 mg orally every 12 hours
---More severe infections: 120 mg orally every 12 hours

Comments:
-The IV maintenance dose for patients weighing at least 45 kg depends on the severity of the infection; the 200 mg dose may be given in 1 or 2 infusions.
-For patients at least 45 kg using a monohydrate formulation, the initial oral dose may be given in 2 or 4 divided doses (100 mg every 12 hours or 50 mg every 6 hours).
-With trachoma, the infectious agent is not always eliminated (as assessed by immunofluorescence).
-Coadministration with streptomycin recommended for brucellosis.

Uses:
-For the treatment of the following infection: Psittacosis (ornithosis) due to C psittaci; chancroid due to H ducreyi; relapsing fever due to B recurrentis; C fetus infections; brucellosis due to Brucella species; bartonellosis due to B bacilliformis; trachoma or inclusion conjunctivitis due to C trachomatis
-For the treatment of infections due to the following bacteria when bacteriological testing shows suitable susceptibility to this drug: E coli; E aerogenes; Shigella species; Acinetobacter species; urinary tract infections due to Klebsiella species
-When penicillin is contraindicated, as an alternative agent for the treatment of the following infections: Yaws due to T pallidum subspecies pertenue; listeriosis due to L monocytogenes; Vincent's infection due to F fusiforme; actinomycosis due to A israelii; infections due to Clostridium species
-As adjunctive therapy for: Acute intestinal amebiasis; severe acne

American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Recommendations:
1 month or older:
-Mild to moderate infections: 2 to 4 mg/kg/day orally or IV in 1 to 2 divided doses
-Severe infections: 2 mg/kg orally or IV every 12 hours
Maximum dose: 200 mg/day

Comments:
-Risk of dental staining in children younger than 8 years is unlikely at the dose and duration recommended to treat serious infections.
-Current guidelines should be consulted for additional information.

Usual Pediatric Dose for Mycoplasma Pneumonia

IV:
Less than 45 kg:
All patients with severe or life-threatening infections: 2.2 mg/kg IV every 12 hours

Patients older than 8 years with less severe infections:
-Initial dose: 4.4 mg/kg IV on the first day, given in 2 infusions
-Maintenance dose: 2.2 mg/kg IV once a day or 1.1 mg/kg IV twice a day

At least 45 kg:
-Initial dose: 200 mg IV on the first day, given in 1 or 2 infusions
-Maintenance dose: 100 to 200 mg/day IV

ORAL:
Most Products:
Less than 45 kg:
All patients with severe or life-threatening infections: 2.2 mg/kg orally every 12 hours

Patients older than 8 years with less severe infections:
-Initial dose: 4.4 mg/kg orally on the first day, given in 2 divided doses
-Maintenance dose: 2.2 mg/kg orally once a day or 1.1 mg/kg orally twice a day

At least 45 kg:
-Initial dose: 200 mg orally on the first day, given in 2 divided doses (100 mg every 12 hours)
-Maintenance dose: 100 mg orally once a day OR 50 mg orally every 12 hours
---More severe infections: 100 mg orally every 12 hours

Doryx(R) MPC:
Less than 45 kg:
All patients with severe or life-threatening infections: 2.6 mg/kg orally every 12 hours

Patients older than 8 years with less severe infections:
-Initial dose: 5.3 mg/kg orally on the first day, given in 2 divided doses
-Maintenance dose: 2.6 mg/kg orally once a day or 1.3 mg/kg orally twice a day

At least 45 kg:
-Initial dose: 240 mg orally on the first day, given in 2 divided doses (120 mg every 12 hours)
-Maintenance dose: 120 mg orally once a day or 60 mg orally every 12 hours
---More severe infections: 120 mg orally every 12 hours

Comments:
-The IV maintenance dose for patients weighing at least 45 kg depends on the severity of the infection; the 200 mg dose may be given in 1 or 2 infusions.
-For patients at least 45 kg using a monohydrate formulation, the initial oral dose may be given in 2 or 4 divided doses (100 mg every 12 hours or 50 mg every 6 hours).
-When used in streptococcal infections, duration of therapy should be 10 days.

Uses:
-For the treatment of respiratory tract infections due to M pneumoniae
-For the treatment of respiratory tract infections due to H influenzae or Klebsiella species and upper respiratory infections due to S pneumoniae when bacteriological testing shows suitable susceptibility to this drug

Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society (PIDS) and IDSA Recommendations:
-Older than 7 years: 1 to 2 mg/kg orally twice a day

Comments:
-Recommended as an alternative for step-down therapy or mild infection due to M pneumoniae, C trachomatis, or C pneumoniae
-Current guidelines should be consulted for additional information.

Usual Pediatric Dose for Rickettsial Infection

IV:
Less than 45 kg:
All patients with severe or life-threatening infections (e.g., RMSF): 2.2 mg/kg IV every 12 hours

Patients older than 8 years with less severe infections:
-Initial dose: 4.4 mg/kg IV on the first day, given in 2 infusions
-Maintenance dose: 2.2 mg/kg IV once a day or 1.1 mg/kg IV twice a day

At least 45 kg:
-Initial dose: 200 mg IV on the first day, given in 1 or 2 infusions
-Maintenance dose: 100 to 200 mg/day IV

ORAL:
Most Products:
Less than 45 kg:
All patients with severe or life-threatening infections: 2.2 mg/kg orally every 12 hours

Patients older than 8 years with less severe infections:
-Initial dose: 4.4 mg/kg orally on the first day, given in 2 divided doses
-Maintenance dose: 2.2 mg/kg orally once a day or 1.1 mg/kg orally twice a day

At least 45 kg:
-Initial dose: 200 mg orally on the first day, given in 2 divided doses (100 mg every 12 hours)
-Maintenance dose: 100 mg orally once a day OR 50 mg orally every 12 hours
---More severe infections: 100 mg orally every 12 hours

Doryx(R) MPC:
Less than 45 kg:
All patients with severe or life-threatening infections: 2.6 mg/kg orally every 12 hours

Patients older than 8 years with less severe infections:
-Initial dose: 5.3 mg/kg orally on the first day, given in 2 divided doses
-Maintenance dose: 2.6 mg/kg orally once a day or 1.3 mg/kg orally twice a day

At least 45 kg:
-Initial dose: 240 mg orally on the first day, given in 2 divided doses (120 mg every 12 hours)
-Maintenance dose: 120 mg orally once a day or 60 mg orally every 12 hours
---More severe infections: 120 mg orally every 12 hours

Comments:
-The IV maintenance dose for patients weighing at least 45 kg depends on the severity of the infection; the 200 mg dose may be given in 1 or 2 infusions.
-For patients at least 45 kg using a monohydrate formulation, the initial oral dose may be given in 2 or 4 divided doses (100 mg every 12 hours or 50 mg every 6 hours).

Uses: For the treatment of rickettsial infections including RMSF, typhus fever and the typhus group, Q fever, rickettsialpox, and tick fevers due to Rickettsia species

US CDC and AAP Recommendations:
-Less than 45 kg: 2.2 mg/kg orally or IV twice a day
-At least 45 kg: 100 mg orally or IV twice a day

Duration of Therapy:
-RMSF, ehrlichiosis: At least 3 days after fever subsides and until evidence of clinical improvement
-Anaplasmosis: 10 days

Comments:
-Recommended as drug of choice for all tickborne rickettsial diseases; recommended for patients of all ages
-Tickborne rickettsial diseases include RMSF due to R rickettsii, other spotted fever group rickettsioses due to R parkeri and Rickettsia species 364D, E chaffeensis ehrlichiosis (i.e., human monocytic ehrlichiosis), other ehrlichioses due to E ewingii and E muris-like agent, and anaplasmosis due to A phagocytophilum (i.e., human granulocytic anaplasmosis).
-The usual minimum duration of therapy for RMSF and ehrlichiosis is 5 to 7 days (total); severe/complicated disease may require longer therapy.
-According to some experts, typical duration of therapy for ehrlichiosis is 7 to 14 days.
-Current guidelines should be consulted for additional information.

Usual Pediatric Dose for Cholera

IV:
Less than 45 kg:
All patients with severe or life-threatening infections: 2.2 mg/kg IV every 12 hours

Patients older than 8 years with less severe infections:
-Initial dose: 4.4 mg/kg IV on the first day, given in 2 infusions
-Maintenance dose: 2.2 mg/kg IV once a day or 1.1 mg/kg IV twice a day

At least 45 kg:
-Initial dose: 200 mg IV on the first day, given in 1 or 2 infusions
-Maintenance dose: 100 to 200 mg/day IV

ORAL:
Most Products:
Less than 45 kg:
All patients with severe or life-threatening infections: 2.2 mg/kg orally every 12 hours

Patients older than 8 years with less severe infections:
-Initial dose: 4.4 mg/kg orally on the first day, given in 2 divided doses
-Maintenance dose: 2.2 mg/kg orally once a day or 1.1 mg/kg orally twice a day

At least 45 kg:
-Initial dose: 200 mg orally on the first day, given in 2 divided doses (100 mg every 12 hours)
-Maintenance dose: 100 mg orally once a day OR 50 mg orally every 12 hours
---More severe infections: 100 mg orally every 12 hours

Doryx(R) MPC:
Less than 45 kg:
All patients with severe or life-threatening infections: 2.6 mg/kg orally every 12 hours

Patients older than 8 years with less severe infections:
-Initial dose: 5.3 mg/kg orally on the first day, given in 2 divided doses
-Maintenance dose: 2.6 mg/kg orally once a day or 1.3 mg/kg orally twice a day

At least 45 kg:
-Initial dose: 240 mg orally on the first day, given in 2 divided doses (120 mg every 12 hours)
-Maintenance dose: 120 mg orally once a day or 60 mg orally every 12 hours
---More severe infections: 120 mg orally every 12 hours

Comments:
-The IV maintenance dose for patients weighing at least 45 kg depends on the severity of the infection; the 200 mg dose may be given in 1 or 2 infusions.
-For patients at least 45 kg using a monohydrate formulation, the initial oral dose may be given in 2 or 4 divided doses (100 mg every 12 hours or 50 mg every 6 hours).

Use: For the treatment of cholera due to V cholerae

PAHO Recommendations: 2 to 4 mg/kg orally once

Comments:
-Recommended as alternative agent for the treatment of cholera in infants and children
-Current guidelines should be consulted for additional information.

Usual Pediatric Dose for Malaria

US CDC Recommendations:
8 years or older:
Uncomplicated malaria: 2.2 mg/kg orally every 12 hours for 7 days
Maximum dose: 100 mg/dose

Severe malaria:
-Less than 45 kg: 2.2 mg/kg orally or IV every 12 hours
-At least 45 kg: 100 mg orally or IV twice a day
Duration of therapy: 7 days

Comments:
-With quinine, recommended for uncomplicated malaria due to chloroquine-resistant P falciparum
-With quinine and primaquine, recommended for uncomplicated malaria due to chloroquine-resistant P vivax
-With quinine, recommended for severe malaria
-Current guidelines should be consulted for additional information.

Usual Pediatric Dose for Cervicitis

AAP Recommendations:
-Adolescents and children 8 years or older weighing at least 45 kg: 100 mg orally twice a day for 7 days

Comments:
-Recommended in combination with ceftriaxone
-The patient's sexual partner(s) should also be evaluated/treated.
-Current guidelines should be consulted for additional information.

Upsides

  • Active against a wide range of different gram negative, gram positive, anaerobic, other bacteria, and some parasites (such as Balantidium coli and Entamoeba species).
  • May be used in the treatment of various infections such as those occurring in the respiratory tract, genitourinary area, sinuses, and on the skin; some examples include:
    • Tick-borne infections caused by the Rickettsiae group of bacteria, such as Rocky Mountain Spotted fever and typhus fever
    • Respiratory tract infections such as those caused by
    • Haemophilus influenzae
    • ,
    • Streptococcus pneumoniae
    • , or
    • Mycoplasma pneumoniae
    • Eye or genitourinary infections caused by certain Chlamydia species
    • Chancroid, plague, cholera, campylobacter, and brucellosis
    • Syphilis and uncomplicated gonorrhea.
  • Useful as an adjunctive treatment for acne.
  • May be used as an alternative drug to penicillin when penicillin is contraindicated.
  • Generic doxycycline is available.
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